Risks And Complications Of Plastic Surgery
Plastic surgery, like any surgical procedure, carries inherent risks and potential complications. It is important to talk to your practitioner and understand:
- what will happen during the surgery
- the risks and possible complications
- the recovery process
- what results you can expect and how long they will last
- what to do if you have any concerns about the results of the surgery.
While advancements in medical technology have improved the safety and outcomes of these procedures, it is important for individuals considering plastic surgery to be aware of the potential risks involved. The risks and complications can be categorized into general and specific ones.
- Infection: There is a risk of developing infections at the surgical site, which may require antibiotics or additional treatment.
- Bleeding: Excessive bleeding during or after surgery can lead to complications and may require additional interventions.
- Anesthesia-related complications: Adverse reactions to anesthesia can occur, although they are rare. These can include allergic reactions, respiratory problems, or anesthesia awareness.
- Scarring: While efforts are made to minimize scarring, all surgeries carry the risk of visible scars that may take time to fade or may require further treatment.
- Pain and discomfort: Postoperative pain and discomfort are common and can vary depending on the procedure and individual tolerance.
- Blood clots: Prolonged periods of inactivity during the recovery phase can increase the risk of developing blood clots, which can be potentially life-threatening if they travel to vital organs.
- Poor wound healing: Some individuals may experience delayed wound healing or poor scarring due to various factors such as smoking, underlying medical conditions, or infection.
- Nerve damage: Nerves near the surgical site can be damaged, resulting in temporary or permanent loss of sensation or movement in the affected area.
- Hematoma or seroma: Accumulation of blood (hematoma) or fluid (seroma) under the skin at the surgical site can cause swelling, pain, and may require drainage.
- Allergic reactions: Some individuals may have allergic reactions to materials used during surgery, such as sutures, dressings, or anesthesia.
Specific risks and complications can vary depending on the type of plastic surgery procedure.
Here Are A Few Examples:
- Breast augmentation: In addition to the general risks, specific risks include implant rupture, capsular contracture (scar tissue formation around the implant), changes in nipple or breast sensation, and changes in breast appearance over time.
- Rhinoplasty: Specific risks include breathing difficulties, nasal asymmetry, persistent swelling, scarring, and dissatisfaction with the aesthetic outcome.
- Liposuction: Specific risks include contour irregularities, uneven fat removal, fluid accumulation, and changes in skin sensation.
- Facelift: Specific risks include hematoma, nerve injury, hair loss near the incisions, facial asymmetry, and persistent swelling.
- Tummy tuck: Specific risks include wound healing problems, fluid accumulation, numbness in the abdominal area, and unsatisfactory scarring.
It’s crucial to discuss these risks and potential complications with a qualified and experienced plastic surgeon before undergoing any procedure. They can provide a personalized assessment of the risks based on individual circumstances and provide guidance on how to minimize them.
Dr Barnouti will discuss your risks of plastic surgery and possible complications in detail during your consultation as part of your informed consent process.